Dr. Okuda was a Japanese dermatologist who has been credited with first describing the hair transplant technique known as the “punch” technique as early as 1939. Another Japanese dermatologist, Dr Tamura, used a similar hair transplant method in 1943 to that of Dr Okuda, but he would gather grafts containing only 1-3 hairs from an elliptical incision taken from the donor area. Dr. Tamura’s hair transplant method is more similar to today’s method.
The bold new steps taken by both these Japanese doctors were outlined in medical journals in Japan, but went unrecognised until 1958, when the work of a New York doctor, Dr. Norman Orentreich, became the basis of today’s hair transplant methods. Orentreich performed the first hair transplant in 1952 for “male pattern baldness”. He came up with the concept of “donor dominance”. This concept indicates that the inherent characteristics of individual hair follicles remain with the hair after transplantation. Thus, the permanent hair remains permanent regardless of its location.
In simple English, hair transplantation is the surgical removal of hair from a certain area of the scalp and its relocation to a bald or thinned area. This cosmetic procedure is advancing very fast, with new techniques making it possible to transplant hair from smaller donor areas. An average person with male pattern baldness has about 100, 000 hairs at peak density. Only 25% of these are located in permanent donor area, which is the only source of hair available for hair transplant surgery.
Before the surgery you cosmetic hair transplant surgeon must have a complete knowledge of any history related to your hair loss. As well as you having all your questions answered, the surgeon will also need to have concise information about you and hair transplants, to help him decide the course of hair transplant surgery. The actual hair transplant information in terms of percentage of hair than can be harvested from the donor site without causing any visible scarring during its closing or causing very little hair being left at the donor site for future hair transplant surgery is very crucial for a hair transplant surgeon. And depending upon the hair transplant information calculated as demand/supply ratio, an expert hair restoration surgeon exploits the donor hair for the greatest benefit for the patient, and this in fact is the biggest challenge of any hair restoration surgery.